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Thread: A New Strategy in the War on Drugs Drug Market Intervention

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    A New Strategy in the War on Drugs Drug Market Intervention

    Police watched seven people sell drugs in Marshall Courts and Seven Oaks, two districts in south-eastern Newport News, in Virginia. They built strong cases against them. They shared that information with prosecutors. But then the police did something unusual: they sent the seven letters inviting them to police headquarters for a talk, promising that if they came they would not be arrested. Three came, and when they did they met not only police and prosecutors, but also family members, people from their communities, pastors from local churches and representatives from social-service agencies. Their neighbours and relatives told them that dealing drugs was hurting their families and communities. The police showed them the information they had gathered, and they offered the seven a choice: deal again, and we will prosecute you. Stop, and these people will help you turn your lives around.

    This approach is known as drug-market intervention (DMI). It was first used in High Point, North Carolina, in 2004 and since then has been tried in more than 30 cities and counties. It is the brainchild of David Kennedy, a criminologist at John Jay College in New York, who thinks that “the most troubled communities can survive the public-health and family issues that come with even the highest levels of addiction. They can’t survive the community impact that comes with overt drug markets”—by which he means markets that draw outsiders to the neighbourhood. Once these are entrenched, a range of problems follow: not just drug use and sales, but open prostitution, muggings, robberies, declining property values, and the loss of businesses and safe public spaces.

    http://www.economist.com/node/21548989

    Interesting strategy. It would take a big commitment from law enforcement to try this in enough communities to get a sense of whether it worked or not. I don't see law enforcement willing to give up the big business that is the War on Drugs. Just like Pakistan with OBL and the War on Terror, you've got to keep the boogeyman alive to keep getting that money.

  2. The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to Conley For This Useful Post:

    shaarona (11-06-2012),waltky (11-06-2012)

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    Focusing in on American cartel hub cities...

    U.S. cities become hubs for Mexican drug cartels’ distribution networks
    6 Nov.`12 - Jack Riley is a special agent in charge of the Chicago field division of the DEA. The DEA and other federal and local police are targeting Mexican drug cartels in Chicago, and throughout the United States.
    A few miles west of downtown, past a terra-cotta-tiled gateway emblazoned with “Bienvenidos,” the smells and sights of Mexico spill onto 26th Street. The Mexican tricolor waves from brick storefronts. Vendors offer authentic churros, chorizo and tamales. Chicago’s Little Village neighborhood is home to more than 500,000 residents of Mexican descent and is known for its Cinco de Mayo festival and bustling Mexican Independence Day parade. But federal authorities say that Little Village is also home to something else: an American branch of the Mexican Sinaloa drug cartel.

    Members of Mexico’s most powerful cartel are selling a record amount of heroin and methamphetamine from Little Village, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration. From there, the drugs are moving onto the streets of south and west Chicago, where they are sold in assembly-line fashion in mostly African American neighborhoods. “Chicago, with 100,000 gang members to put the dope on the street, is a logistical winner for the Sinaloa cartel,” Jack Riley, the DEA’s special agent in charge of the Chicago field division, said after a tour through Little Village. “We have to operate now as if we’re on the Mexican border.”

    It’s not just Chicago. Increasingly, as drug cartels have amassed more control and influence in Mexico, they have extended their reach deeper into the United States, establishing inroads across the Midwest and Southeast, according to American counternarcotics officials. An extensive distribution network supplies regions across the country, relying largely on regional hubs like this city, with ready markets off busy interstate highways.

    One result: Seizures of heroin and methamphetamine have soared in recent years, according to federal statistics. The U.S. government has provided Mexico with surveillance equipment, communication gear and other assistance under the $1.9 billion Merida Initiative, the anti-drug effort launched more than four years ago. But critics say that north of the border, the federal government has barely put a dent into a sophisticated infrastructure that supports more than $20 billion a year in drug cash flowing back to Mexico.


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    Odd...... openly ignoring the law to prosecute a crime???

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    El Chapo can't get a break...

    FBI seizes $2.3M from drug group linked to 'El Chapo's' Sinaloa Cartel
    May 12, 2016 -- The FBI recently seized $2.3 million worth of drug money after a raid in Anaheim, Calif., of a drug trafficking organization linked to Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman's Sinaloa Cartel.
    No arrests have been made related to the drug money seized by the FBI. The FBI's investigation, aided by the IRS and local law enforcement in California, into the unidentified Mexico-based drug group has lasted about two years. Authorities have used methods including wiretaps to locate where members laundered money and operated a large-scale narcotics trade.

    "On May 5, 2016, investigators served a search warrant on the 1200 block of West Katella in Anaheim, California, where $2.3 million was seized," the FBI said in a statement. "Large amounts of money and narcotics have been seized previously during this ongoing investigation. Numerous bank accounts in the United States and internationally have been identified during this investigation and financial analysis of these accounts is ongoing."

    The Drug Enforcement Administration credits Guzma's Sinaloa Cartel with dominating the illegal drug market in nearly the entire United States, adding it is most powerful along the West Coast, the Midwest and the Northeast. "El Chapo" -- meaning "The Short One" or "shorty" -- so dubbed because of his 5-foot-6-inch frame, was detained in Guatemala in 1993 and then extradited to Mexico to face murder and drug trafficking charges. He could be extradited to the United States.

    Guzman escaped from prison in 2001 by hiding in a laundry cart after bribing prison guards, and was re-captured in February 2014. He was again captured in the city of Los Mochis in his home state of Sinaloa on Jan. 8 after escaping from Mexico's Altiplano Federal Prison on July 11.

    http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-Ne...?spt=sec&or=tn

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    Quote Originally Posted by Conley View Post
    Police watched seven people sell drugs in Marshall Courts and Seven Oaks, two districts in south-eastern Newport News, in Virginia. They built strong cases against them. They shared that information with prosecutors. But then the police did something unusual: they sent the seven letters inviting them to police headquarters for a talk, promising that if they came they would not be arrested. Three came, and when they did they met not only police and prosecutors, but also family members, people from their communities, pastors from local churches and representatives from social-service agencies. Their neighbours and relatives told them that dealing drugs was hurting their families and communities. The police showed them the information they had gathered, and they offered the seven a choice: deal again, and we will prosecute you. Stop, and these people will help you turn your lives around.

    This approach is known as drug-market intervention (DMI). It was first used in High Point, North Carolina, in 2004 and since then has been tried in more than 30 cities and counties. It is the brainchild of David Kennedy, a criminologist at John Jay College in New York, who thinks that “the most troubled communities can survive the public-health and family issues that come with even the highest levels of addiction. They can’t survive the community impact that comes with overt drug markets”—by which he means markets that draw outsiders to the neighbourhood. Once these are entrenched, a range of problems follow: not just drug use and sales, but open prostitution, muggings, robberies, declining property values, and the loss of businesses and safe public spaces.

    http://www.economist.com/node/21548989

    Interesting strategy. It would take a big commitment from law enforcement to try this in enough communities to get a sense of whether it worked or not. I don't see law enforcement willing to give up the big business that is the War on Drugs. Just like Pakistan with OBL and the War on Terror, you've got to keep the boogeyman alive to keep getting that money.
    Read about the police cheif in Worster, Mass. His crew is finding rehab beds for people in 24 hours. Great speaker to, I've heard him speak, he just rips through red tape

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    Sinaloa drug lord "El Guero" arrested in Mexico, sent to same jail as El Chapo...

    Drug lord Palma arrested in Mexico on return from U.S.
    June 16, 2016 - Drug lord Hector "El Guero" Palma, one of the founders of the Sinaloa Cartel, returned to his native Mexico after serving almost a decade in a U.S. prison and was immediately transported to another maximum-security lockup where he will await trial for two murders.
    U.S. authorities handed over Palma in Matamoros, across the border from Brownsville, Texas, according to a statement from the Mexican Attorney General's Office. Palma had been released from federal prison in California on Friday and put into the custody of U.S. immigration officials. The drug lord was flown to Mexico City late Wednesday and then transported to the Altiplano prison outside the capital, the same prison that Sinaloa Cartel leader Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman escaped from in 2015. Palma was detained under an arrest order from the western state of Nayarit.

    He is accused of ordering the 1995 killings of a deputy police chief and a person who was with the officer, a federal official with knowledge of the case told The Associated Press on Thursday. The official was not authorized to discuss the case publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity. The person said the deputy police chief apparently worked for the Sinaloa Cartel but decided to switch loyalties to the Arellano Felix brothers of the Tijuana Cartel, and allegedly was killed in retaliation. If authorities had not brought charges against Palma, he would have gone free.

    Palma was arrested in June 1995 in western Mexico and later extradited to the U.S. where he pleaded guilty to cocaine trafficking charges and was sentenced to 16 years in prison. The U.S. Embassy said Palma received early release for good behavior. Some experts believed that Palma could have returned to drug trafficking if allowed to walk free, but would have faced a world that has changed since he helped Guzman found the Sinaloa cartel in the early 1990s. "He could try to get involved, but I don't know how directly," said Mexico City-based security analyst Alejandro Hope. Palma may have lost much of his money and his connections since he was arrested following a plane crash.

    Once released, he could have just disappeared into Mexico's hinterlands, "just like Caro Quintero," Hope noted, referring to the last major old-guard drug lord released, Rafael Caro Quintero. Freed by apparent judicial misconduct in 2014, and currently sought on a re-arrest warrant, Caro Quintero hasn't been seen since. Given that he participated in the 1985 torture-slaying of U.S. DEA agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena, Caro Quintero's release was a major embarrassment for the Mexican government. Palma's return threatens to be another headache. Even before he was extradited to the United States in 2007, Palma had compiled an excellent track record of beating charges in Mexico. He was acquitted, or had the charges dismissed, for accusations including multiple counts of murder, kidnapping, robbery and drug possession.

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    See also:

    Contentious Education Reform in Mexico in the Spotlight as Labor Unrest Continues
    June 16, 2016 – A newly released study says Mexico needs to shift the focus of education reform urgently from primary to secondary schools and higher education, as the government wages a pitched battle with teachers and unionists who blocked highways and occupied buildings in ongoing protests against reforms passed in 2013.
    The reforms, aimed at breaking the national union’s iron grip on teacher hiring and imposing measures to evaluate teacher performance, now face a new challenge as the government ratchets back spending on education for the first time in 10 years, according to Fiorentina Garcia, an investigator with the think tank CIEP. A 1.8 percent reduction in spending this year may be a sign of more cuts to come as the government faces the impact of lower oil revenues, pressure on the value of the peso and shifts in priorities towards infrastructure and social spending, she said. The government had increased education spending by 29 percent over the past decade.

    A CIEP study released Tuesday found that Mexico spends 15 percent of the government’s total budget on education – more than any other single item. Some 97 percent of all education spending goes to primary schooling, and 87% of that is spent on teachers’ salaries alone. Less than 1 percent of the total government education budget is spent on higher education, with just 1.3 percent spent at high schools, shortchanging young Mexicans, Fiorentina said. Some 30 percent of Mexicans aged 15-24 do not work or study and only 29 percent are enrolled in public schools. “Mexico has to transition from focusing only on primary school to secondary and higher education,” she said.

    The lower levels of enrollment in higher education will cost the government in lost tax revenues, Fiorentina said, noting that for every year of higher education students can expect a 20 percent increase in salary compared to their peers with just a high school education. According to Sergio Cardenas, a professor and researcher with the Mexican think tank CIDA, a recent government study tied lower higher education enrollments to a lack of space at institutions of higher learning and insufficient family resources needed to support students at university.

    The government, Cardenas said, actually spends more per pupil per capita on higher education than it does on primary or secondary education, but because higher-ed students tend to come from families with more resources, the spending favors students with more means. He agreed current education reforms are not targeting higher education, and said union and teacher resistance is “predictable” given unions’ loss of hiring controls, and a shortage of government resources needed to enact reforms and improve teacher training. Ongoing teacher protests in several states may be due to the fact that those states haven’t been distributing the resources needed to fund the reforms required by federal law, he said.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Conley View Post
    Police watched seven people sell drugs in Marshall Courts and Seven Oaks, two districts in south-eastern Newport News, in Virginia. They built strong cases against them. They shared that information with prosecutors. But then the police did something unusual: they sent the seven letters inviting them to police headquarters for a talk, promising that if they came they would not be arrested. Three came, and when they did they met not only police and prosecutors, but also family members, people from their communities, pastors from local churches and representatives from social-service agencies. Their neighbours and relatives told them that dealing drugs was hurting their families and communities. The police showed them the information they had gathered, and they offered the seven a choice: deal again, and we will prosecute you. Stop, and these people will help you turn your lives around.

    This approach is known as drug-market intervention (DMI). It was first used in High Point, North Carolina, in 2004 and since then has been tried in more than 30 cities and counties. It is the brainchild of David Kennedy, a criminologist at John Jay College in New York, who thinks that “the most troubled communities can survive the public-health and family issues that come with even the highest levels of addiction. They can’t survive the community impact that comes with overt drug markets”—by which he means markets that draw outsiders to the neighbourhood. Once these are entrenched, a range of problems follow: not just drug use and sales, but open prostitution, muggings, robberies, declining property values, and the loss of businesses and safe public spaces.

    http://www.economist.com/node/21548989

    Interesting strategy. It would take a big commitment from law enforcement to try this in enough communities to get a sense of whether it worked or not. I don't see law enforcement willing to give up the big business that is the War on Drugs. Just like Pakistan with OBL and the War on Terror, you've got to keep the boogeyman alive to keep getting that money.

    The police cheif in Glouster Mass. is doing an incredible job getting addicts the medical help they need. I've heard him speak. It all started because his community lost 4 young people to OD in one weekend and he felt that he had to do something. Here's the key to the program you describe and the Glouster Mass program. They broke from the institutional tradition of doubling down on actions that never worked to begin with and "God forbid" tried something new! Cops treating addiction as the disease it is . And lo and behold it works. Imagine how not doing the same thing and expecting different results can actually work?
    Somebody should tell the federal government about this discovery!

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