At least 140 people have been murdered in Sao Paulo over the past two weeks in an outbreak of violent crime that has prompted early school closures, a change of municipal bus routes and street demonstrations. In September, 144 people were killed. The causes are manifold, but a major factor appears to be an undeclared war between the largest criminal militia and the police, which has led to drive-by shootings, ambushes and other killings. After initially denying the link, officials from the public safety department told newspapers over the weekend that many of the killings of officers had been ordered by imprisoned leaders of the First Capital Command criminal gang in reprisal for a crackdown on the drug trade.
However, non-governmental organizations say the responsibility also lies with militias formed by former and serving police officers, who are used to skimming profits off the drug trade. So far this year, 92 former and current police officers have been gunned down. Last week, state and federal police said they would combine forces to create a new intelligence agency to counter the resurgent threat posed by organized crime. Police jitters were apparent on Friday night, when an off-duty officer, Edcarlos Lima, killed the driver and passenger of a car that swerved in front of him. He claimed to have seen a gun in the vehicle and feared he was being corralled for a possible hit. However, witnesses and the victims’ families say he needlessly killed two innocents. Lima is now under investigation.
There were 982 murders in the first nine months of this year in Sao Paulo, according to public security department data. This is up 10 percent over last year and higher than the total in Rio de Janeiro. Five hundred angry residents of Brasilandia — one of the worst-affected areas — took to the streets on Sunday morning, carrying white roses, wearing T-shirts printed with the faces of some of the victims and shouting for greater vigilance. Schools and shops in some Sao Paulo districts shut early last week due to concerns about rising risks. “In view of the wave of violence in the city’s south zone, the school’s directors decided to send staff and students home early so as to assure their safety,” Eliane Valerio de Souza, administrative assistant at a professional training school, told the newspaper Folha de S Paulo.
Regional authorities have played down the violence. Sao Paulo State Governor Geraldo Alckmin said the crime rate in Greater Sao Paulo was on the wane. However, he said the problem would not go away unless the national government took firmer measures to control the influx of drugs and guns along Brazil’s extensive borders. Despite the recent killings, Sao Paulo State is by no means the most violent in Brazil when its huge population is taken into account. Last year, the commercial powerhouse saw 10.1 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, compared with 74.5 in the most murderous state, Alagoas.